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The ancient history of the Gyanvapi
It is said that there was a huge temple of Shiva in Kashi. Scholars claimed that Aurangzeb demolished that temple in Medieval Times and made a mosque name Gyanvyapi Masjid here.
Let’s know about Kashi Vishwanath Temple And the ancient history of the Gyanvapi Mosque, So read this article till the end…
- Adikaal (Primordial): According to Hindu Puranas, Avimukteshwar Mahadev Shivling was established in the form of Adilinga in the huge temple in Kashi.
- Ancient Time: The Vishwanath temple was renovated by King Harishchandra in the 11th century BCT. It was Again renovated by Emperor Vikramaditya during his tenure.
- 1194: Muhammad Ghori demolished this grand temple after looting Precious things of this Temple.
- 1447: The temple was rebuilt by the local people but was demolished by the Sharqi Sultan Mahmud Shah of Jaunpur and the mosque was built there. But there is a difference of opinion among historians about this.
- 1585: With the help of Raja Todarmal Pandit Narayan Bhatt again constructed a grand temple at that place.
- 1632: Shah Jahan gave an order to destroy the Temple and sent an army to destroy it, The army could not destroy the central temple of Vishwanath temple due to the strong resistance of Hindus, but 63 other temples of Kashi were demolished by that army.
- 1669: On 18 April 1669, Aurangzeb ordered the destruction of the Kashi Vishwanath temple. This decree is preserved even today in the Asiatic Library, Kolkata.
This description is given in LP Sharma’s book ‘Medieval India’. There are indications of this in the book “MAASIR-I-ALAMGIRI” written by Saqi Musta’d Khan.
- 1669: On 2 September 1669, Aurangzeb was informed about the completion of the temple demolition and then a mosque was built in the Gyanvapi complex today which is called Gyanvapi Masjid.
- 1735: There was no Vishwanath temple for 125 years after the temple was demolished. After this, In the year 1735, Maharani Devi Ahilyabai of Indore built the Kashi Vishwanath temple near the Gyanvapi complex.
- 1809: The dispute over Gyanvapi Masjid heated up for the first time when the people of the Hindu community demanded to hand over the Gyanvapi Masjid to them.
- 1810: On 30 December 1810, Mr Watson, District Magistrate of Banaras of that time Wrote a letter to ‘Vice President in Council’ that the Gyanvapi campus to be handed over to the Hindus forever, but it was never possible.
- 1829-30: Maharani Baijabai of Gwalior built a pavilion of Gyanvapi in this temple and Maharaja Nepal installed a huge Nandi statue there.
- 1883-84: The first mention of Gyanvapi Masjid is recorded in the revenue documents as Jama Masjid Gyanvapi.
- 1936: In a suit filed in 1936 Gyanvapi was accepted as a mosque in the judgment of the year 1937.
- 1984: Vishwa Hindu Parishad along with some nationalist organizations launched a nationwide campaign with the aim of building a temple in place of the Gyanvapi mosque.
- 1991: Harihar Pandey, Somnath Vyas, and Professor Ramrang Sharma on behalf of the Hindu side filed a petition in the court for survey and worship in the mosque and the entire complex.
- 1991: Parliament enacts the Place of Worship Act after a petition was filed for a mosque survey. Then ordered that the place of worship of any religion which came into existence before 15th August 1947 cannot be changed to any other.
- 1993: Allahabad High Court ordered to maintain the status quo by imposing a stay Due to the dispute.
- 1998: The court allowed the survey of the mosque, which was challenged by the mosque management committee in the Allahabad High Court. After this, the permission for the survey was canceled by the court.
- 2018: The Supreme Court gave the validity of the order for six months.
- 2019: The hearing, in this case, started again in Varanasi Court.
- 2021: A petition was filed in the court by some women, seeking permission to worship the Shringar Gauri temple located on the Gyanvapi mosque premises and demanded a survey. Fast track court approves archaeological survey of Gyanvapi mosque.
- 2022: According to the order of the court, the survey work of Gyanvapi Masjid is completed. Now the hearing will start.