The Shri Ram Mandir Ayodhya, commonly referred to as Ram Mandir, stands as a Hindu temple situated in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. Devoted to Lord Shri Rama, the temple is believed to be constructed at Ram Janmabhoomi, the sacred birthplace of Lord Shri Rama. Serving as a testament to the cultural and spiritual legacy tied to Lord Rama, this temple holds profound cultural and religious
importance for the Hindu community.
Key Insights into the Ram Mandir Ayodhya: A Closer Look at Its Significance
The Chief Architect for this project is Chandrakant B. Sompura (CBS), overseeing the
construction executed by Larsen and Toubro (L&T). The project management responsibilities
are handled by Tata Consulting Engineers Limited (TCEL). Design advisory contributions come
from prestigious institutions such as IIT Chennai, IIT Bombay, IIT Guwahati, CBRI Roorkee,
SVNIT Surat, and NGRI Hyderabad.
The sculptors involved in this project include Arun Yogiraaj from Mysore, Ganesh Bhatt, and
The entire project spans across a total area of 70 acres, with a significant emphasis on
greenery, constituting 70% of the total area. The dedicated temple area covers 2.77 acres.
The temple itself is characterized by its Indian Nagar style, with specific dimensions:
- Length: 380 ft.
- Width: 250 ft.
- Height: 161 ft.
Notable features include the incorporation of 2 Sewer Treatment Plants, 1 Water Treatment
Plant, and a dedicated power supply.
This holistic approach ensures not only the architectural and aesthetic aspects of the temple but
also addresses environmental and infrastructure concerns through the inclusion of sewage and
water treatment facilities, as well as a reliable power supply
Materials Utilized in Construction
Key materials employed in the construction of the Ram Mandir include:
- High-grade “Rolled Compacted Concrete” devoid of steel
- Pink Sandstone
- Granite Stone
- Shaligram Rock
- Copper Plates
- Gold and Ashtdhatu (an alloy of eight metals)
These materials have been carefully chosen to uphold the structural strength, aesthetic
richness, and religious significance of the Ram Mand
Architectural Foundation Planning for Ram Mandir Ayodhya
The foundation design of the Ram Mandir incorporates a 14-meter thick layer of Rolled
Compacted Concrete meticulously shaped to resemble Artificial Stone. A total of 56 layers of
Compacted Concrete, composed of Fly Ash/Dust and chemicals, have been employed in the
To safeguard the Ram Temple from moisture, a plinth with a thickness of 21 feet has been
constructed using granite. The foundation design also integrates Granite Stone sourced from
Karnataka and Telangana, along with Pink Sandstone from Bans Paharpur in Bharatpur,
Rajasthan. These materials have been thoughtfully utilized to ensure both structural resilience
and aesthetic appeal in the foundation of the Ram Mandir.
Description of the Structure
● This three-story temple is designed to withstand earthquakes, featuring a robust
earthquake-resistant structure. It boasts a remarkable array of 392 pillars and 44 doors,
each intricately crafted. The doors, adorned with gold plating, are constructed from
● With an estimated age of 2500 years, the temple’s structure holds a historical
significance. The idols within are crafted from Shaligram Rocks, ancient formations
dating back 60 million years, sourced from the Gandaki River in Nepal.
● A notable feature is the bell, composed of Astadhatu—a combination of Gold, Silver,
Copper, Zinc, Lead, Tin, Iron, and Mercury. Weighing 2100 Kg, this bell produces a
resonant sound that reverberates over a distance of 15 Km.
Additional Attributes of Shri Ram Mandir
Shri Ram Mandir’s Distinct Features:
- The primary sanctum houses the idol of Shri Ram Lalla, representing the infant form of Lord
- On the first floor, a Shri Ram Darbar is situated.
- The temple comprises five Mandapas, each serving a specific purpose: Nritya Mandapa,
Rang Mandapa, Sabha Mandapa, Prarthana Mandapa, and Kirtan Mandapa.
- Positioned at the four corners of the periphery (Parikota) are dedicated temples to Suryadev,
Mother Bhagwati, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Shiva.
- The northern arm features a temple dedicated to Goddess Annapurna, while the southern
arm houses a temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman.
- Within the temple complex, additional shrines will honor Maharishi Valmiki, Maharishi
Vashishta, Maharishi Vishwamitra, Maharishi Agastya, King Nishad, Mata Shabari, and Devi
- The temple premises will include Sita Kup.
- The southwest section will witness the renovation of the ancient temple of Lord Shiva on the
Navratna Kubera Hill, accompanied by the installation of a statue of Jatayu.
In summary, beyond serving as a manifestation of religious devotion, Shri Ram Mandir
represents a remarkable feat in architecture. It not only symbolizes the deep-rooted spiritual
beliefs of India but also embodies the lasting influence of Lord Rama. This temple is poised to
play a significant role in establishing Ayodhya as the spiritual hub of India, a testament to the
enduring spiritual legacy that transcends generations.