Ravana was a great scholar, the knower of the Vedas and scriptures. Lord Shriram killed him on the tenth day of the month of Ashwin. There has never been another man like Ravan in the world. No one names his child Ravan. Let us know such an unheard secret about Ravan which you would hardly know.
The author of many books
Ravana had written the books named Shiv Tandav Strot, Ravana Samhita, Das Shataktamik Arkaprakash, Das Patalatmik, Uddishatantra, Kumartantra, Nadi Pariksha. It is also said that Ravan had also composed the books like Arun Samhita, Ank Prakash, Indrajal, Prakrit Kamdhenu, Prakrit Lankeshwar, Ravaniyam, etc.
He had an investigative mind
Ravana always gave importance to research and invention. He used to make new weapons, weapons, and instruments. It is said that he wanted to make stairs to heaven. He also used to try to extract fragrance from gold. Ravana had an observatory where various inventions were made. Ravana himself had built the celestial chariot in his observatory.
Kumbhakarna along with his wife Vajjwala used to keep engaged in making different types of weapons and instruments in his laboratory, due to which he did not care about eating and drinking. Kumbhakarna’s Yantra Manav Kala has been given the status of ‘Wizard Art’ in the book ‘Great Indian’. Ravana’s wife Dhanyamalini was also proficient in this art. It is notable that Mandodari, the first wife of Ravana, had invented chess.
Dashanan was an ascetic
Ravan was an ascetic. He used to do penance for the fulfillment of his desires. He had sought a boon from Brahma only on the strength of penance and he had taken hostage the gods of all the planets on the strength of penance. It was Hanumanji who freed Shani Dev from the bondage of Ravan.
He was the knower of many subjects
Ravana was a poet, musician, and Vedagya, as well as he was also knowledgeable about Ayurveda. Also had a good knowledge of chemicals. It is believed that based on this knowledge of chemistry, he had gained many infallible powers and he got many miraculous works done based on these powers. Every person should have knowledge of herbs and Ayurveda because it is very useful in life.
Ravan and womens
Ravana was very interested in women. Ravana’s first wife’s name was Mandodari who was the daughter of demon king Mayasur. The name of the second was Dhanyamalini and the name of the third is unknown. It is also said that Ravan killed him. Ravan had also kept a lustful eye on his wife’s elder sister Maya. Apart from this, he had tried to break the modesty of Vishnu devotee Tapaswini Vedavati, due to which she left her body and cursed Ravan that she will die because of a woman. According to belief, the same girl was born as Sita.
According to Valmiki Ramayana, when Ravana reached heaven to conquer the world, he saw an Apsara named Rambha there. Being lustful, he caught hold of Rambha. Then Apsara Rambha said you do not touch me like this, I am reserved for Nalkuber, the son of your elder brother Kuber. That’s why I am like your daughter-in-law. But Ravana did not listen to him and misbehaved with Rambha. When Nalkuber came to know about this, he cursed Ravana that after today Ravana will not be able to touch any woman without her wish and if he does, his head will be divided into hundred pieces.
Mystery of Ravana’s dead body
In August 1971, a Buddhist monk claimed that Ravana’s dead body is still preserved in its former state in a strong fort built on a mountain peak. According to belief, there is Ravana’s cave on a giant hill amidst the terrible forests of Raglan. This cave of Ravana is located at an altitude of 8,000 feet in the area of Raglan, where the dead body of Ravana is kept in an 18 feet long coffin. There is a special coating around this coffin, due to which this coffin has been kept intact for thousands of years.
Ravan will be alive again
It is said that after the death of Ravana, the responsibility of his last rites was entrusted to Vibhishan, but in a hurry to take over the throne of Lanka, Vibhishan had left Ravana’s dead body as it was, after which Ravana’s body was destroyed. The people of Nagkul took the dead body with them.
The people of Nagkul were sure that Ravana’s death was momentary and that he would be alive again. He also tried many times to revive Ravana but he did not get success. After this, they used various chemicals to preserve Ravana’s dead body and kept it as a mummy. There is a belief among many Sri Lankans that Ravana will one day return alive.
Expansion of Ravana’s Kingdom
Ravana had conquered Angadweep, Malayadweep, Varahdweep, Shankhadweep, Kushadweep, Yavadweep, and Andhralay while expanding his rule by conquering Sumba and Balidweep. After this Ravana made Lanka his target. Kubera ruled over Lanka. According to today’s era, Ravana’s kingdom expanded, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, some states of South India, and Sri Lanka were ruled by Ravana.
Kuber was made Lankapati by winning the Lankapuri settled on the Trikuta Subel mountain by three demons named Mali, Sumali, and Malyavan. Ravana’s mother was the daughter of a certain Sumali. At the instigation of his maternal grandfather, Ravana decided to fight with Kubera, the son of his stepmother Ilavilla, but the father consoled Lanka Ravana and asked Kubera to live in Trivishtap (Tibet) area around Mount Kailash. In this sequence, Ravana also snatched Kuber’s Pushpak Vimana.
Ravan had created a new sect
According to the well-known novel ‘Vayam Raksham’ written by Acharya Chatursen and ‘Lankeshwar’ written in three volumes by Pandit Madan Mohan Sharma Shahi, Ravana was the supreme devotee of Shiva, even Yama and Surya had to bear his glory. Compelling for, a great scholar, was about to establish a society without discrimination considering all castes as equal. Ravana was on the side of the Asuras against the Suras. Ravana had established the ‘Raksha’ culture to protect everyone, different from the indulgent ‘Yaksha’ culture of the Aryans. These were the demons.
Ten heads of Ravan
Ravana did not have ten heads but he used to create the illusion of having ten heads, that is why people called him Dashanan. It is mentioned in the Jain scriptures that Ravana used to have nine large circular beads around his neck. His head was visible in the said nine gems, due to which there was an illusion of having ten heads.
Valmikiji has used many words for Ravan in Ramayana
Ravana was called with names like Lankesh, Lankeshwar, Dashanan, Dashagriva, Shakandhar, Rakshasingh, Rakshapati, Rakshasadhipam, Rakshashardulam, Rakshasendra; Rakshasadhikam, Rakseshwarah, Lankesh, Lankeshwar. Only in a few places Valmiki has used words like Dashanan, Dashagriva, or Dashakandhar indicating ten-headed for Ravana. Wherever this experiment is done, we find that Ravana is sitting surrounded by his nine chief ministers. It is said that the Nauratna tradition begins with Ravana. It continues till Emperor Ashoka and later the Ottoman Emperor Akbar adopts it.
Ministers of Ravan
1. Kumbhakarna (Brother), 2. Vibhishana (Brother), 3. Mahaparshva (Brother), 4. Mahodar (Brother), 5. Indrajit (Son), 6. Akshayakumar (Son), 7. Malavan ( Nana’s brother), 8. Virupaksha (Malyavan’s son, Ravana’s secretary), and 9. Prahastha (Uncle, Prime Minister).