Alexander – known as Sikander, a resident of Macedonia, was born in 356 BC. Macedonia was an area extending from northern Greece to the Balkans. Alexander defeated Porus. If it was really so, Alexander would have reached Magadha and then the history of India would have been different. But the Greeks who wrote history changed the defeat of Alexander to the defeat of Porus. Iranian and Chinese accounts and accounts of Indian history must also be read to catch the lies of the Greek historians.
In this struggle, he eliminated all his opponents and became the king at the age of 20. After this, Alexander ruled for 12 years. He made a victory journey of 12 thousand miles with his soldiers. He defeated King Darius III of the Persian Empire at that time and spread Greek culture to Central Asia.
Early age of Alexander
Alexander’s empire extended from Greece in the west to present-day Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and Egypt in the east. Alexander is considered to be one of the most influential and efficient leaders and military commanders in history. Before Alexander, Macedonia was only the name of a geographical region, but this region was not a firmly connected empire. However, Alexander’s father, Philip II, shaped the region into a united kingdom.
Alexander’s mother, Olympias, was the third or fourth wife of his father, Philip II, and therefore important, as she gave birth to the first boy in the family. It was also said that his mother was Zeus devotee and do not want King Philip blood in his son so she prayed to greek god. And Alexander was his son by his boon. That is, in the form of Alexander, he gave a successor to the state. Rachel Myers, a lecturer in classics at Britain’s Reading University, says that Alexander was given the best education of that time. When he was 13 years old, his teachers included great philosophers like Aristotle.
Education of Alexander the great
Alexander received a foundational education in Greek culture from Aristotle. He was therefore taught philosophy and, like all educated Greeks, mastered Homer, the ancient Greek poet who wrote such poems as the Iliad and the Odyssey. It was very important to Alexander. During the war, he used to sleep with parts of this poem under his pillow.
The Iliad is an epic poem that tells the story of the final year of the war between the city of Troy and the Greeks. A strong mental connection had developed between Alexander and Eccles, the hero of this story.
Apart from this, he was also greatly influenced by the Greek divine character Hercules, and these characters were in his mind during the war. Alexander was influenced by being a disciple of Aristotle throughout his life. Rachel Myers says, You might think that this was a great opportunity for Aristotle, that he could turn a brash boy from the Greek elite into a peerless ruler.
Cruel Ruler in History
Alexander asked Diogenes what he could do for him. In response, Diogenes said, “Get out of the way because because of you the sunlight is not reaching me.
Tolerating this answer of Alexander was the result of Aristotle’s education. Describing Alexander’s rise to power, Diana Spencer, Professor of Classics at the University of Birmingham, says, As we know, Alexander’s father Philip II had many wives, one of whom was a woman named Cleopatra. had created difficulties for Sikandar and his mother.
Both mother and son began to feel that they were not of Macedonian blood at all. This truth was humiliating to their dignity and politically damaging. Alexander’s weaknesses in his fight for the throne were Diana Spencer says that Cleopatra, the new wife of Philip II, could have become the new queen and proved helpful to those who were involved in the race to become king after Philip.
Relationship with this father
Alexander himself was exiled for six months, and his mother was also away from court for a few months. After some time, the bitterness between father and son subsided and Alexander returned, but the stagnation in the relationship had become an obstacle in the way of becoming Alexander’s successor.
At this juncture, an event occurred which placed Alexander on the throne. This was the occasion when he might have prevented a situation where any pure Macedonian blood could challenge his succession. King Philip II was murdered by a security guard at the wedding of Alexander’s half-sister, that is, Cleopatra’s daughter. The guard was also killed while trying to escape. So it could not be known what was the reason for this murder.
Except for one of his half-brothers, Philip Eurydice, he killed all his brothers, cousins. And all those who could become an obstacle in his way to become king. Some of them were brutally put to death.
Establishing his kingdom
After all, Alexander sat on the throne and now his eyes were on the Persian Empire. The Persian Empire ruled the areas adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea for more than 200 years. This empire was one of the real super power in history. Due to Alexander’s victories and the charm of his personality, the ancient Greeks began to consider him not a common man. Alexander himself was convinced that he was a god.
After establishing his control over the Persian Empire, his army started moving towards the east and reached India.
Alexander and Porus in Battle in India
The war between Alexander and Porus is called the Greek ‘Battle of the Hydaspes’. This war was fought in May 326 BC. There were 50 thousand foot soldiers, 7 thousand horsemen in Alexander’s army, while Porus had 20 thousand foot soldiers, 4 thousand horsemen, 4 thousand chariots and 130 elephants. Alexander had moved towards Jhelum with his chosen 11,000 Ambhi’s army Indian and Greek soldiers of Alexander’s army. Most of Alexander’s cavalry was killed in the battle of Jhelum. Alexander felt that if he continued the fight further, he would destroy himself completely. So he prayed to Puru to stop the war. According to Indian tradition, Puru did not kill the enemy. After this the treaty was signed and Alexander helped Puru to win other territories.
After this, Alexander started returning to Macedonia, but he was not destined to return to his homeland.In 323 BC, at the age of 32, after arriving in the region of Babylon (present-day Iraq), he suddenly died of a mysterious illness.
Some historians believe that the cause of his death was infection in his wounds. It is believe that he died due to malaria. Some historians believe that Alexander’s next target was the Arab region, but time and circumstances did not give respite.
We call you Alexander the Great because he had expanded his power from Europe to Asia at a very young age after struggling a lot. Before dying at the age of just 32, Alexander forced the centuries-old enemy of Greece and Persia, to kneel before his army. But one fact is that also he was unable to kneel down India as his Muqadar was Porus of India.